Social work and social organisation, help government to achieve its goal of provide citizens basic development and rights over the resources and ensuring minimum necessities of life are well provided. While the basic methods of giving like food, money, clothing, health care to needy help them survive the existing struggles in their life however social organisation can also focus on bigger picture that is ensuring long term sustainability and leaks in government system are fixed.
Following are critical issues, which help us understand why good and efficient organisations are need in India:
- The Rangarajan committee, which has retained consumption expenditure as the basis for determining poverty, has pegged the total number of poor in the country at 363 million or 29.6 per cent of the population against 269.8 million (21.9 per cent) by the Suresh Tendulkar committee, as per the presentation made by Rangarajan to planning minister Rao Inderjit Singh last week. (Economic Times)
- UNICEF, using 2005-2006 NFHS-3 sample survey results, has highlighted malnourishment in Indian children below the age of 5, with an estimated 7.4 million babies that were born in the sample year with low birth weights. (UNICEF)
o The survey reported 17,656 women (39 percent), out of 45,325, were underweight at the time of delivery, 40 percent of urban children in 6-59 month category were shorter than world standards (stunted), and 33 percent were underweight than expected weight to their height per world standards (undernourished).
- Poverty imposes an oppressive weight on India, especially in the rural areas where almost three out of four Indians and 77 percent of the Indian poor live. (World Bank)
- According to the Global Gender Gap Report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2011, India was ranked 113 on the Gender Gap Index (GGI) among 135 countries polled. Since then, India has improved its rankings on the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index (GGI) to 105/136 in 2013. (World Economic Forum)
- According to Census of India 2011, literacy rate of females is 65.46% compared to males which is 82.14%. There are only 908 females over 1000 males in India. (SRS Statistical Report 2012)
- India, a country with the second largest population of billionaires but also home to 25% of the world’s poor. (Young Lives: India Round 2 Survey – Report Summary document)
- A 2005 report, 42% of India’s children below the age of three were malnourished, which was greater than the statistics of sub-Saharan African region of 28%. (“India’s Malnutrition Dilemma”, The New York Times 2009)
- Diseases such as dengue fever, hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria and pneumonia continue to plague India due to increased resistance to drugs. In 2011, India developed a totally drug-resistant form of tuberculosis. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention US)
- HIV/AIDS in India is ranked 3rd highest among countries with the amount of HIV-infected patients. (HIV/AIDS, UNICEF India.)
- As more than 122 million households have no toilets, and 33% lack access to latrines, over 50% of the population (638 million) defecate in the open.(2008 estimate) This is relatively higher than Bangladesh and Brazil (7%) and China (4%). (UNICEF)
The article would be updated shortly.